Are you thinking of making your new business a limited liability company? You’ve probably already learned that an LLC combines the limited liability protection of a corporation with a partnership’s flexibility in allocating income and other items among owners. However, you may be wondering how that hybrid status affects your taxes. For instance, would you file as a corporation or a partnership — or something else?
The answer is: You get to choose. When you’re the only owner, or member, of your LLC, the default entity for federal tax purposes is a sole proprietorship. You attach a Schedule C, E, or F to your individual return to report business activity and pay income and self-employment tax.
You can also opt to file as a corporation, either a “C,” or an “S.” To elect C corporation status, complete Form 8832, Entity Classification Election. To elect S corporation status, you must file Form 2553 by March 15 of the year you want S status to begin. At year-end, report your business income on Form 1120 or 1120S.
When your business has multiple members, it’s considered a partnership, unless you elect corporate status by filing Form 8832 or Form 2553.
Deciding how to organize your business is not a one-size-fits-all process. While you can change your mind later, doing so may have tax consequences. Contact us – we’re here to help you figure out the right fit.