Are you pursuing planned gifts? You should be. Research suggests that the average planned gift in the United States falls between $35,000 and $70,000 — and with the baby boomer generation moving into their retirement years, that number may grow. Yet many nonprofits, especially small and medium-size organizations, lack formal planned giving programs.
Benefits of planned giving
According to Blackbaud, a software and service provider for nonprofits, planned gifts to charitable organizations over the past 40 years or so have grown 4.5% to 5.0% annually on average, even in years of economic downturn. These gifts can play a critical role in sustaining nonprofits by helping to diversify revenue sources.
Moreover, Blackbaud reports, once a planned giving program is established, it typically will boast an enviable cost-to-donation ratio, in the range of 3 to 15 cents of cost per $1 raised. And think about it: If the average planned gift is, say, $50,000, you could secure $1 million simply by landing 20 planned gifts — funds that you could use for new or existing programs or facilities or to establish endowments.
A planned giving program also can serve as a useful tool for building donor loyalty. Individuals who make planned gifts usually want to be involved in the organization over the long term and often will make more donations along the way.
Donors can use a variety of vehicles to make planned gifts, but the following are some of the most common:
Bequests. The majority of planned gifts are made as bequests in a will. A will might leave a charity a flat dollar amount, a percentage of the estate or the remainder of the estate after other bequests. All of these can provide donors substantial estate tax savings.
Blackbaud research indicates that loyalty is the hallmark of those who make bequests, translating to consistent giving over the years as well as other forms of involvement. Nonprofits should consider targeting loyal donors in their mid-40s and older, who are most likely to be engaged in the estate planning process.
Don’t dismiss loyal donors who’ve made only smaller donations. You never know how large their estates could turn out to be. They might own a closely held business or valuable real estate.
Charitable gift annuities (CGAs). Donors can use CGAs to contribute assets, usually cash or securities, now, while still enjoying some current financial benefits from the assets. How? The donor receives a guaranteed income stream for life, paid by the nonprofit. He or she also will enjoy a charitable income tax deduction.
CGAs are appealing to donors in slow economic times. They provide some assurance to those who worry about outliving their resources, along with potentially a higher after-tax rate of return than might be achieved from other investments.
Loyal, retired donors in their late 60s and older make good prospects for CGAs. Blackbaud again warns against putting too much weight on the size of previous donations, finding that annual gifts of these donors are generally under $100.
Charitable remainder trusts (CRTs). CRTs are irrevocable trusts that pay a specific amount or percentage to one or more “income beneficiaries” — often the donor and his or her spouse — for a fixed term or their lifetimes, similar to a CGA. When that period expires, the remaining property in the trust goes to a specific charity or charities. CRTs are popular with the wealthy and often result in large gifts.
CRTs may be particularly attractive to donors holding low-yielding but highly appreciated assets like real estate or stock. By using a CRT, a donor can transfer the asset, avoiding capital gains when the trust sells the asset while simultaneously obtaining an income stream (some of which may be taxable).
The donor gets a charitable income tax deduction at the time of the original gift, and the remaining property that will be transferred to the charity is removed from the taxable estate. (If the donor names someone else as income beneficiary, gift tax liability may be incurred when the CRT is funded.)
Look before you leap
While planned giving holds tremendous promise for nonprofits, it’s important to recognize that some of the vehicles require significant hands-on involvement from an organization. Your financial advisor can help you determine the best approach for your program.